Statistics on Haiti


Location:  Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic

Geographic coordinate:  19 00 N, 72 25 W

Map references:  Central America and the Caribbean

Area:  Total: 27,750 sq km

Country comparison to the world:  148 land: 27,560 sq km water: 190 sq km

Area - comparative:  Slightly smaller than Maryland

Land boundaries:  Total: 360 km Border countries: Dominican Republic 360 km

Coastline:  1,771 km

Maritime claims:  Territorial sea: 12 nm - Contiguous zone: 24 nm - Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm Continental shelf: to depth of exploitation

Climate:  Tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds

Terrain:  Mostly rough and mountainous

Elevation extremes:  Lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m  Highest point: Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m

Natural resources:  Bauxite, Copper, Calcium Carbonate, Gold, Marble, Hydropower

Land use:  Arable land: 36.04% - permanent crops: 10.09% - other: 53.87% (2011)

Irrigated land:  970 sq km (2009)

Total renewable water resources:  14.03 cu km (2011)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):  Total: 1.2 cu km/yr (17%/3%/80%) per capita: 134.3 cu m/yr (2009)

Natural hazards:  Haiti lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts


Current issues:  Extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water.

Environment international agreements:  Party to Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes.

People and Society

Nationality:  Noun: Haitian(s) Adjective: Haitian

Ethnic groups:  Black 95%, Mulatto and White 5%

Languages:  French (official), Creole (official)

Religions:  Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16% (Baptist 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%, other 1%), none 1%, other 3% note: roughly half of the population practices voodoo

Population:  9,893,934 (July 2013 est.) country comparison to the world: 88

Age structure: 0-14 years: 34.6% (male 1,716,917/female 1,708,978) 15-24 years: 21.5% (male 1,064,069/female 1,066,614) 25-54 years: 34.8% (male 1,713,478/female 1,729,432) 55-64 years: 5% (male 235,278/female 258,330) 65 years and over: 4.1% (male 178,842/female 221,996) (2013 est.)

Median age:  Total: 21.9 years - Male: 21.6 years - Female: 22.1 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:  0.99% country comparison to the world: 117

Birth rate: 23.35 births/1,000 population (2013 est.) country comparison to the world: 71

Death rate:  8 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.) country comparison to the world: 97

Net migration rate:  -5.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.) country comparison to the world: 194

Urbanization:  Urban population: 52% of total population (2010) rate of urbanization: 3.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:  PORT-AU-PRINCE (capital) 2.143 million (2010)

Maternal mortality rate:  350 deaths/100,000 live births (2010) country comparison to the world: 33

Infant mortality rate:  Total: 50.92 deaths/1,000 live births country comparison to the world: 41
Male: 54.85 deaths/1,000 live births Female: 46.94 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth:  Total population: 62.85 year country comparison to the world: 186
Male: 61.46 years Female: 64.25 years

Total fertility rate:  2.88 children born/woman (2013 est.) country comparison to the world: 66

Physicians density:  0.25 physicians/1,000 population (1998)

Hospital bed density:  1.3 beds/1,000 population (2007)

Drinking water source:  Improved: urban: 85% of population rural: 51% of population
total: 69% of population. Unimproved: urban: 15% of population rural: 49% of population total: 31% of population (2010 est.)

Sanitation facility access:  Improved: urban: 24% of population rural: 10% of population
total: 17% of population. Unimproved: urban: 76% of population rural: 90% of population total: 83% of population (2010 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:  1.9% (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 31

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:  120,000 (2009 est.)  country comparison to the world: 37

HIV/AIDS - deaths:  7,100 (2009 est.  country comparison to the world: 30

Major infectious diseases degree of risk:  High

Food or waterborne diseases:  Bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:  7.9% (2008) country comparison to the world: 137

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:  18.9% (2006) country comparison to the world: 38

Literacy: Definition: age 15 and over can read and write Total population: 48.7%
male: 53.4% female: 44.6% (2006 est.)

Child labor - Children ages 5-14: Total number: 2,587,205 percentage: 21 % (2006 est.)


Country name:  Conventional long form: Republic of Haiti - Conventional short form: Haiti
Local long form: Republique d'Haiti/Repiblik d' Ayiti - Local short form: Haiti/Ayiti

Government type:  Republic

Capital:  Port-au-Prince

Time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November

Administrative divisions:  10 departments (departements, singular - departement); Artibonite, Centre, Grand'Anse, Nippes, Nord, Nord-Est, Nord-Ouest, Ouest, Sud, Sud-Est

Independence:  1 January 1804 (from France)

National holiday:  Independence Day, 1 January (1804)

Constitution:  Approved March 1987; this is Haiti's 23rd constitution

Legal system:  Civil law system strongly influenced by Napoleonic Code

International law organization participation:  Accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; non-party state to the ICCt

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal


Statistics from the CIA world factbook 2013